Starting your own business in a village from scratch has both advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, this is low competition, minimal non-production costs, federal and regional benefits, subsidies, and grants. On the other hand, aspiring entrepreneurs need to be prepared for problems with a lack of professional staff, low purchasing power of the local population, serious time and financial costs for promoting a company, distance from suppliers and potential customers, and, consequently, a possible increase in transportation costs. However, having the desire and opportunities today, you can solve any issues of successful business in the village.
Those who believe that business in the village is limited to breeding cattle and small ruminants are greatly mistaken. The rapid development of information and telecommunication technologies, the state policy of supporting the Russian agro-industrial complex ensured the formation of comfortable conditions for running your own business in rural areas with the subsequent sale of finished products in regional and federal sales markets.
Beautiful landscapes, clean air, natural products, lack of noise, crowds of people – agritourism is increasingly called the most promising direction of the tourism business. Such a vacation has long existed and is in high demand in Hungary, the Czech Republic, Finland and other European countries, while in our country it is still gaining popularity.
This business niche is relevant for rural residents who own a farm, on the basis of which it is possible to promote tourism services for townspeople who dream of being closer to nature. The most problematic moment when starting a business in the field of agritourism is finding clients. The solution to this issue must be addressed as early as possible by launching advertising on radio, television, and on the Internet.
It will be nice if there is a river, lake, forest, interesting natural monuments near the rural hotel. A big advantage will be the construction of recreation areas, enclosures for pets on the territory of the hotel. Guests must have access to the kitchen, three meals a day must be included in the accommodation.
The demand for milk and dairy products has been, is and will be. Every 5-6 inhabitants are engaged in the production of milk, cottage cheese, sour cream and other fermented milk products in Russian villages and villages. Such activity is quite profitable, while it does not require special knowledge or skills. However, only a few backyard owners manage to turn a small household into a profitable, stable business that will bring serious money.
Dairy productsDairy products are always in demand
You can start a business with a herd of 10-12 cows. An adult, milk-producing animal costs 50-70 thousand rubles. Also, when opening a farm, it is necessary to decide how milking will be organized – manually or mechanically. In the first case, you will need to hire at least two milkmaids, in the second – to spend money on the purchase of automatic milking machines. The average salary of a rural milkmaid is 18-20 thousand rubles, the equipment will cost a novice farmer 300-600 thousand rubles.
One cow gives about 450-500 liters of milk per month. Taking into account pregnancy, calving, feeding the calf, the cow is milked for 7-8 months per year, which is 4,000 liters of finished products, in the case of its wholesale at a price of 30 rubles per liter, 120 thousand are obtained from one animal. Profits can be increased by purchasing equipment for the production of sour cream, cottage cheese, kefir, fermented milk whey or yogurt.